Friday, July 15, 2011

Career in Air Traffic Controller / Kerjaya sebagai Kawalan Trafik Udara

Air Traffic Control is a service provided by the Department Of Civil Aviation, Ministry Of Transport for the safe, orderly and expeditious flow of traffic within the Malaysian Airspace. The air traffic services is constantly being developed to meet the increasing needs of the modern jet age and requires skilled Air Traffic Controllers (ATCOs) who will have at their disposal highly sophisticated electronic tools to enable them to provide the service.
The job of an Air Traffic Controllers is unique and demanding for it requires ‘parallel’ thinking and rapid decision making. Each controller will be trained by the department using practical and simulation methods in acquiring the necessary skills.
As a controller, you will be aspired to achieve the objective set out by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) of preventing collision between aircraft in the air and on the manoeuvring area and between aircraft and obstruction and to expedite and maintain an orderly flow of air traffic.
Apart from this reason, the controllers are also expected to play a part and contribute their ideas and skills in the operational planning and administration of the Air Traffic Management Sector under the Department Of Civil Aviation Malaysia.
A Degree from local university or equivalent qualifications recognized by the Government of Malaysia; and
Obtained at least a pass in Bahasa Malaysia, Mathematics or Science and English at SPM level.
ATCO Grade A41
P1T1 RM 1815.52 - P1T26 RM 4723.82
P2T1 RM 1911.53 - P2T26 RM 5000.60
P3T1 RM 2011.72 - P3T26 RM 5301.27
Commencing salary of RM 1990.20 on P1T3 scale for General Degree or RM 2091.04 on
P1T4 scale for Honours Degree.
ATCO Grade A44
P1T1 RM 3027.51 - P1T14 RM 5017.42
P2T1 RM 3351.73 - P2T14 RM 5504.40
ATCO Grade A48
P1T1 RM 4430.15 - P1T8 RM 5881.46
P2T1 RM 4869.86 - P2T8 RM 6438.07
ATCO Grade A52
P1T1 RM 4990.92 - P1T8 RM 6442.23
P2T1 RM 5464.03 - P2T8 RM 7032.24
ATCO Grade A54
P1T1 RM 5256.70 - P1T8 RM 6841.63
P2T1 RM 5721.46 - P2T8 RM 7465.02
Diploma holders from UiTM, UTM and other equivalent qualifications recognized by the Government of Malaysia, and
Obtained at least a pass in Bahasa Malaysia, Mathematics or Science and English at SPM level.
ATCO Grade A29
P1T1 RM 1490.41 - P1T22 RM 3054.36
P2T1 RM 1561.50 - P2T22 RM 3254.01
P3T1 RM 1635.61 - P3T22 RM 3435.45
Commencing salary of RM 1298.81 on P1T3 scale for General diploma or RM 1352.05 on
P1T4 scale for Engineering Diploma.
ATCO Grade A36
P1T1 RM 2754.86 - P1T14 RM 4518.50
P2T1 RM 2968.12 - P2T14 RM 5023.63
ATCO Grade A38
P1T1 RM 3191.98 - P1T11 RM 4722.68
P2T1 RM 3405.24 - P2T11 RM 5205.14
Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) holders or any other equivalent qualifications recognized by the Govenment of Malaysia; and
Credit in Mathematics, English and any one of Science subject, and pass in Bahasa Malaysia (including oral) at SPM level.
ATCO Gred A17
P1T1 RM 829.45 - P1T24 RM 2178.66
P2T1 RM 882.39 - P2T24 RM 2299.69
P3T1 RM 936.84 - P3T24 RM 2425.14
ATCO Gred A22
P1T1 RM 1735.44 - P1T15 RM 2866.82
P2T1 RM 1877.62 - P2T14 RM 3184.42
ATCO Gred A26
P1T1 RM 2217.93 - P1T9 RM 3016.57
P2T1 RM 2431.19 - P2T9 RM 3302.39
A licensed ATCO shall receive a professional allowance in addition to the salary and various government allowances paid on a monthly basis.
a) Incentive (Licensed) Allowance
Grade A29 RM 250.00
Grade A36 RM 350.00
Grade A38 RM 400.00
Grade A41 RM 600.00
Grade A44 RM 700.00
Grade A48 RM 900.00
Grade A52 RM 1000.00
Grade A54 RM 1200.00
In addition, a licensed ATCO who performs Air Traffic Control functions and hold a current Air Traffic Control Ratings shall receive the following;

Wednesday, July 6, 2011

Guardians of the skies

WHEN told that about 2,500 aircraft fly through Peninsula Malaysia airspace in a single day, and having seen the multitude of blips on an air traffic controller’s computer radar screen, one can’t help but imagine the skies of Coruscant in the Star Wars movies, filled with flying objects.
But of course, in real life, outside of science fiction, flying craft do not fly so close together. That would be too dangerous. Even if one were a superpilot, the margin of error would be too narrow. In fact, in air traffic control, there is absolutely no margin for errors. Nothing is left to chance. Vertically, planes are 1,000 feet (305m) apart, while horizontally they are five miles (8km) away from each other.
“If you’re travelling in an aircraft and you see another aircraft very large and nearby, then an air traffic controller will soon be facing suspension!” said Balasubramaniam Muttaya, director of the Kuala Lumpur Air Traffic Control Centre in Subang. “We do not allow that.”
There is absolutely no margin for error in air traffic control.

On any given day, the air traffic control centre is a buzz of activity. On the day that I visited the KL centre, I thought there would be incredible tension in the room. An air traffic controller’s job is known to be one of the most stressful jobs on the planet. And having seen movies like Pushing Tin, one would expect air traffic controllers to be an eccentric, wild-eyed bunch.
Nope. There was a sense of urgency in the room, but hardly any tension. And air traffic controllers are a lovely bunch. Sorry, no Hollywood stereotypes here.
But there are indeed very strict rules to the job. In a recent case in the United States, an air traffic controller was immediately suspended after he was caught, of all things, watching a Samuel Jackson movie while on the job. There is no second chance because hundreds and even thousands of lives are in the hands of each controller.
As Balasubramaniam said: “The most important thing is safety. We cannot compromise on that, we cannot put anything in jeopardy.”
There are a total 968 air traffic controllers in the country, with 621 in the Peninsula, and 347 in Sabah and Sarawak. Those above the age of 40 have to go for medical exams every year, while it is once every two years for those under 40. Day shifts are six hours each, while night shifts are 12 hours. They are allowed a few breaks during shifts, and those who work the night shift get the next day off.
At the KL centre, there are about 35 to 38 controllers per shift.

The most important thing is safety. We cannot compromise on that; we cannot put anything in jeopardy,’ says Balasubramaniam Muttaya.

Controllers have to be on call at all times in case someone calls in sick.
“If everyone goes on sick leave, then we would have to close down our airspace!” Balasubramaniam laughed. “This is a very unique job,” he said.
“In fact, it is better than a doctor’s job. Once you’re appointed a controller, apart from your basic salary given by the Cabinet, you’re also given an incentive allowance to hold that job. But you must be medically fit, proficient in the English language, and you must be good.
“When you’re communicating with the pilot, and he or she has an emergency, if you’re going to take time to understand what he or she is saying and you cannot react quickly, then you are a hazard. Lives are involved, not just one but a few hundred.”
Controllers are trained to handle all sorts of emergencies. They have to constantly practise those procedures, and are given regular refresher courses to maintain a high standard.
When a person sits in the controller’s chair, she or he is the only one allowed to speak to the pilots. The pilots, in turn, have to follow the instructions of the controller who determines everything from the height of the aircraft to its speed.
“If (the pilot) does not do what we ask, we have all the right to withdraw his licence,” said Balasubramaniam, who first trained to become an air traffic controller in 1975 after he completed his Form Five. “But at the same time, if the controller doesn’t follow ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organisation) standards, rules and regulations, then I have the right to withdraw the controller’s licence. He or she will be suspended, rating put on hold, and further investigation will be carried out.”
The air traffic control division itself is subject to audits by the Air Traffic Inspectorate.
Ooi Chuan Leong, principal assistant director of the Inspectorate, said it carries out safety oversight audits at all air traffic control units every year. Checks are also carried out on the simulators at training academies, on controllers who have been transferred to a new station and have completed their on-the-job training, and on controllers’ proficiency to ensure they maintain the required standard.
Balasubramaniam said there could be a number of reasons for an incident. Human error, equipment failure, stress, medication or family problems could be factors that can affect a controller’s performance.
“In the future, we plan to have something like a fish pond (at the centre) where people can relax,” he said. “In Singapore, it’s very nice because you go out and you can see the sea. People can relax before they go back to the job. But we don’t have the luxury of sufficient staff to do that yet.”

Chronology of events
> 1898: A balloonist jumps off the top of a government building in Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman, Kuala Lumpur, and crashes at the edge of the Selangor Padang Club.
> 1911: G.P. Fuller makes the first recorded flight in Malaya and lands his Antoinette Monoplane at the race course in Jalan Ampang, Kuala Lumpur.
> 1924: The first civil aircraft in Malaya, a Fokker FVII of KLM, lands on a bumpy grass strip in Alor Setar, Kedah.
> 1928: Alor Setar, Kedah, becomes the hub of aviation activities in Malaya as KLM carries out fortnightly services.
> 1929: Aviation comes to Kuala Lumpur with the inaugural meeting of the Malayan Aeroplane Club held in the Malay States Volunteer Reserve Mess.
> 1930: Commercial aviation begins in Malaya with the services of Imperial Airways and its “flying boat” operations in Penang.
> 1938: War breaks out and all civil aviation aircraft are requisitioned by the government.
> 1948 Kuala Lumpur Airport in Sungai Besi is expanded.
> 1956: Kuala Lumpur Airport in Sungai Besi is upgraded to international airport status with the first flight to Europe taking off there.
> 1965: Kuala Lumpur International Airport in Subang is officially opened by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong Tuanku Syed Putra ibni al-Marhum Syed Hassan Jamalullail.
> 1972: Malaysian Airlines System takes to the skies.
> 1992: Malaysia Airports Bhd is formed.
> 1998: Kuala Lumpur International Airport in Sepang is officially opened by Yang di-Pertuan Agong Tuanku Ja’afar ibni al-Marhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman.
> 2001: AirAsia is bought by Tune Air Sdn Bhd for RM1.
> 2006: The LCCT-KLIA terminal opens to cater to low-cost carriers.
> 2007: AirAsia X, which provides high-frequency long-haul flights, begins operations.

Sumber dari The Star Online Monday June 13, 2011.

I loveeeeeee my job.... :)

Sedetik Lebih

Sedetik Lebih by Anuar Zain

Setiap nafas yang dihembus

Setiap degupan jantung

Aku selalu memikirkanmu

Dalam sedar dibuai angan

Dalam tidur dan khayalan

Aku selalu memikirkanmu

Ternyata ku perlukan cinta dari dirimu sayang

Barulah terasa ku bernyawa

Kasihku ku amat mencintai kamu

Kerana kau beri erti hidup

Ku kan terus mencinta sedetik lebih selepas selamanya

Di kala penuh ketakutan dengan badai kehidupan

Ku bersyukur adanya kamu

Biarlah kehilangan semua yang dimiliki di dunia

Asal masih adanya kamu


Lagu nie dh lama dh kuar and dah biasa dh keluar radio and tv since this is the official song for filem Merong Mahawangsa
masa balik keje td terrrrrlayan pulak dgn lirik dia masa on radio HOT FM.....
Rasa mcm sweet sgt..... :)
Sesuai sgt utk org yg "Dalam hati ada taman"
Nak cari video yg official xde pulak so better pilih video yg ada lirik so leh nyanyi sekali
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